In silico structural characterization of protein targets for drug development against Trypanosoma cruzi

TitleIn silico structural characterization of protein targets for drug development against Trypanosoma cruzi
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLima CRibeiro, Carels N, Guimaraes ACarolina R, Tuffery P, Derreumaux P
JournalJ. Mol. Model.
Volume22
Date Publishedoct
ISSN1610-2940
Abstract

Trypanosoma cruzi is the protozoan pathogen responsible for Chagas disease, which is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical regions of developing countries and particularly in Brazil. Despite many studies, there is no efficient treatment against Chagas disease, and the search for new therapeutic targets specific to T. cruzi is critical for drug development. Here, we have revisited 41 protein sequences proposed by the analogous enzyme pipeline, and found that it is possible to provide structures for T. cruzi sequences with clear homologs or analogs in H. sapiens and likely associated with trypanothione reductase, cysteine synthase, and ATPase functions, and structures for sequences specific to T. cruzi and absent in H. sapiens associated with 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase, and leishmanolysin activities. The implications of our structures refined by atomistic molecular dynamics (monomer or dimer states) in their in vitro environments (aqueous solution or membrane bilayers) are discussed for drug development and suggest that all protein targets, except cysteine synthase, merit further investigation.

DOI10.1007/s00894-016-3115-9
Citation Key2016|1711