|Title||Tetrameric Aβ40 and Aβ42 β-Barrel Structures by Extensive Atomistic Simulations. II. In Aqueous Solution.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Nguyen PH, Campanera JM, Ngo STung, Loquet A, Derreumaux P|
|Journal||J Phys Chem B|
|Date Published||2019 Aug 08|
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of extracellular Aβ42 and Aβ40 oligomers and plaques. In a recent computational study, we found that the presence of the residues I41 and A42 increases significantly the propensity of Aβ to form a tetrameric β-barrel structure in a bilayer mimicking a neuronal membrane. In this work, we have determined the propensity of the two Aβ proteins to form tetrameric β-barrel structures in aqueous solution using four atomistic protein fields, that is, Amber99SB-ILDN/TIP3P, OPLS/TIP3P, CHARMM36m/TIP3P-modified, and Amber99SB/DISP. Extensive replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations make it clear that a β-barrel, made of two distinct β-hairpin motifs and an asymmetric arrangement of eight antiparallel β-strands with an inner pore diameter of 0.7 nm, exists transiently for Aβ42 peptide, but this is less the case for Aβ40 peptide, due to the change of the CHC-CHC and the Cter-Cter interfaces. This study has several implications in AD.
|Alternate Journal||J Phys Chem B|